A clear, flowing oil free of the waxes and other unwanted substances found in the original plant. The potency and adaptability of distillate make it appealing. It’s great for dabbing, vaporizing, and mixing into edibles, topicals, and other products. A lengthy distillation process removes components from cannabis plant materials to produce distillate concentrates. Keeping up with POTENT PEAK
1. What is distillate?
Distillate is a cannabis extract in which the final product has been systematically stripped of all materials and compounds except one specific cannabinoid.
The fundamental ingredient in most edibles and vape cartridges is distillate, which has no flavor, taste, or scent. It’s a strong cannabis oil that may be used on its own or infused into other cannabis products. THC oil and cannabidiol (CBD) oil are the two most popular types of distillate on the market. The most prominent cannabinoid is indicated by the oil’s name. The cannabinoid CBD would be the most prevalent in CBD oil. The term distillate refers to the process of extracting and separating cannabinoids like as THC and CBD from cannabis to create unique products.
Although distillate lacks the terpenes, or naturally occurring smells and odors of the cannabis plant, it is incredibly strong. One advantage of removing the natural terpenes is that the finished product’s taste and fragrance may be completely controlled. The removal of terpenes has the disadvantage that the finished product may lack the medicinal effects associated with the entourage effect. It’s possible to add terpenes to distillate later in the process, and many manufacturers do so, however it’s been suggested that doing so reduces any therapeutic benefits.
Distillation makes you high?
The type of cannabinoid you’re consuming determines whether or not you get high from distillate. The key advantage is that the finished product is extremely strong because nearly everything except the desired cannabinoid is removed. As a result, drinking a THC distillate will almost certainly get you high, as the resulting oil contains virtually entirely THC. If you take a CBD distillate, on the other hand, you’ll obtain the therapeutic benefits of CBD without getting high because CBD doesn’t create intoxicating effects.
Is oil and distillate the same thing?
One of the most prevalent varieties of cannabis oil is distillate, which is prized by users for its potency. It’s also highly versatile, as it’s been stripped of almost everything except cannabinoids. It may be taken on its own or used as the base for a variety of other cannabis products.
Not all cannabis oils are distillates, and not all distillates are cannabis oils. A cannabis oil is only a distillate if all other elements and compounds have been stripped and eliminated, including terpenes. Many other varieties of marijuana oils on the market haven’t gone through this process.
How is distillate used?
A dab rig or portable vaporizer can be used to ingest distillates on their own. You may also use a distillate cartridge and a vape pen to vape them. If you dab or vape distillates, you’ll get an almost odorless vapor, depending on whether it’s been flavored, and the effects will usually hit you right away. Adding droplets of THC distillate to flower on a rolling paper or bowl heightens the high without changing the flavor or fragrance.
You can produce distillate edibles or topicals as an alternative to vaping or smoking. Distillates give the required cannabinoids in edibles while removing any plant-like flavor. For edibles made at home, start with low dosages of the oil, typically 5 milligrams or less THC per serving, then gradually raise the dosage to achieve the desired intensity and taste. Distillates can be taken on their own and dropped under the tongue or sublingually. This sort of oil can also be used in topicals, which are applied to the skin and absorbed transdermally.
Distillates allow cannabis product makers to isolate the various cannabinoids and terpenes before recombining them into particular ratios. For instance, the initial material from a cannabis plant harvest may not include enough naturally occurring CBD to make a tincture to treat anxiety disorders. A more exact CBD-to-THC ratio can be produced with distillates.
Distillates are also used to make cannabis edibles, due to their ability to portion cannabinoids and terpenes into precise proportions as well as their flavorless nature. Cannabis butter is another popular edible ingredient, however it has a dry, astringent flavor. Manufacturers can have more control over the taste of their infused edibles with distillates.
2. Cannabis distillation: a borrowed technology
A mature cannabis plant is known to contain hundreds of identifiable cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, each responsible for playing a role in interacting with our endocannabinoid systems. Through what is widely referred to as “the entourage effect,” these compounds interact with one another to give us the unique experiences we desire.
When it comes to creating cannabis concentrates, cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are pulled from the vegetative material of the cannabis plant together though various extraction processes. In order to distill these compounds into their purest form, additional layers of refinement must be executed. This process is known as “fractional” or “short path distillation,” and it is known to produce single compound oils that can reach upwards of 99% purity.
Fractional distillation is a type of distillation which involves the separation of miscible liquids. The process involves repeated distillations and condensations and the mixture is usually separated into component parts. The separation happens when the mixture is heated at a certain temperature where fractions of the mixture start to vaporize.
The basic principle of this type of distillation is that different liquids boil and evaporate at different temperatures. So when the mixture is heated, the substance with lower boiling point starts to boil first and convert into vapours.
Short path distillation
Short path distillation is essentially exactly as it sounds: it’s a technique where the distillate travels a short distance, typically from one flask to another, to separate compounds using alcohol and hyper-controlled temperature. Extract material is fed into a flask that’s gradually heated, and a vacuum pulls the ensuing vapors up first into fractionating tubing, then into a condensing tube. This process can be repeated multiple times to refine your end product. Short path distillation is great for creating highly concentrated THC and CBD distillates, as the truncated pathing avoids excessive compound loss during the extraction process.
3. How cannabis compounds are isolated to create distillates
In order to isolate compounds such as THC into a pure and viscous oil, there are multiple layers of refinement that must first occur. Given that THC as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes are volatile and have varying boiling points, they must first be separated from the cannabis plant via hydrocarbon or CO2 solvent-based extraction techniques. This process removes the valuable and volatile compounds from the plant itself, while many fats, lipids, and other compounds remain. This necessitates further refinement through a process called winterization, whereby a solvent such as ethanol is used in order to remove these undesirable compounds.
Apart from winterization, isolated cannabinoids must also undergo decarboxylation, by which the compounds are heated enough to activate their medicinal potential. Finally, the material is run through a short path steam distillation or rational distillation chamber in a series of multiple passes to purify the desirable compound (typically THC or CBD) to its isolated state.
Molecules such as THC and CBD have higher varying boiling points. Short path distillation uses vacuum pressure, steam, and heat to manipulate boiling points so that compounds are subjected to much cooler temperatures when they pass through. Depending on the distillation process, these volatile compounds can either be fractioned individually or simultaneously for collection.
Through this process, volatile compounds are separated by their molecular weight and individual boiling point, leaving less volatile and undesirable compounds behind. A distillate may be passed through this process multiple times to create an even more pure substance. What remains in a THC distillation is pure THC in the form of a clear and translucent viscous sap that resembles ultra-refined honey in consistency and hue.
RSO vs. distillate
Many consumers often wonder what is the difference between RSO (Rick Simpson Oil) and Distillate. Named after its creator, Canadian engineer-turned medical marijuana patient and advocate Rick Simpson, RSO is a concentrated form of cannabis oil often used by patients to treat cancer symptoms and other ailments. RSO is thought to be a more “raw” form of concentrate as it retains more plant matter than distillate, which strips away some of it during the extraction process. It’s also an easier DIY method that results in a highly potent final product.
CO2 oil vs. distillate
What’s the difference between distillate and CO2 oil? With CO2 extraction, carbon dioxide is used to separate components. This method allows for greater customization, as pressure temperature and solvent ratios can be modified to create a wide range of products (shatter, wax, sap, crumble, vape oil). CO2 extraction can also retain more of the product’s terpenes than distillate, as many terpenes have different boiling points.
4. Can you eat distillate?
Distillate oils can be applied many different ways, be it through oral, sublingual, or transdermal application, or even though vaporization and inhalation (e.g. dabbing). Raw distillates can even be used as-is or combined with other products to create powerfully medicinal combinations with broad applications.
It’s no surprise that cannabis distillate oils are worth their weight in gold, given their incredible adaptability. Distillation is a well-developed botanical extraction technology that is well-suited to set the paradigm for cannabis extraction and refinement. If you’re looking for the purest, clearest, and most potent pure THC concentrate on the market, cannabis oil distillate might be the product for you.
- What is Kief & How to collect and use Kief ?
- What is distillate?
- How to make rosin dabs
- What is Hash? – Definition with POTENT PEAK